The Crystal Structure Of Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein, A Key AutoAntigen In Multiple Sclerosis
Clements CS, Reid HH, Beddoe T, Tynan FE, Perugini MA, Johns TG, Bernard CC, Rossjohn J
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2003 Sep 16;100(19):11059-64
Monash University, School of Biomedical Sciences, Department of BioChemistry and Molecular Biology, Protein Crystallography Unit, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein (MOG) is a key CNS-specific AutoAntigen for primary DeMyelination in Multiple Sclerosis. Although the disease-inducing role of MOG has been established, its precise function in the CNS remains obscure.
To gain new insights into the physiological and ImmunoPathological role of MOG, we determined the 1.8-A crystal structure of the MOG ExtraCellular Domain (MOGED).
MOGED adopts a classical Ig (Ig variable domain) fold that was observed to form an antiparallel head-to-tail dimer.
A dimeric form of native MOG was observed, and MOGED was also shown to dimerize in solution, consistent with the view of MOG acting as a homophilic Adhesion Receptor.
The MOG35-55 peptide, a major Encephalitogenic determinant recognized by both T-Cells and DeMyelinating AutoAntiBodies, is partly occluded within the dimer interface.
The structure of this key AutoAntigen suggests a relationship between the dimeric form of MOG within the Myelin sheath and a breakdown of Immunological Tolerance to MOG that is observed in Multiple Sclerosis.
T-Cell Epitopes Of Human Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein Identified In HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0401) Transgenic Mice Are Encephalitogenic And Are Presented By Human B-Cells
Forsthuber TG, Shive CL, Wienhold W, de Graaf K, Spack EG, Sublett R, Melms A, Kort J, Racke MK, Weissert R
J Immunol 2001 Dec 15;167(12):7119-25
Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Institute of Pathology, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein (MOG) is an Ag present in the Myelin sheath of the CNS thought to be targeted by the AutoImmune T-Cell response in Multiple Sclerosis (MS).
In this study, we have for the first time characterized the T-Cell Epitopes of human MOG restricted by HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0401), an MHC Class II Allele associated with MS in a subpopulation of patients.
Using MHC binding algorithms, we have predicted MOG Peptide binding to HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0401) and subsequently defined the in vivo T-Cell reactivity to overlapping MOG Peptides by testing HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0401) transgenic mice immunized with recombinant human (rh)MOG.
The data indicated that MOG Peptide 97-108 (core 99-107, FFRDHSYQE) was the Immunodominant HLA-DR4-restricted T-Cell Epitope in vivo.
This Peptide has a high in vitro binding affinity for HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0401) and upon immunization induced severe Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis in the HLA-DR4 transgenic mice.
Interestingly, the same Peptide was presented by human B-Cells expressing HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0401), suggesting a role for the identified MOG Epitopes in the pathogenesis of human MS.
Structure & Function Of Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein
Johns TG, Bernard CC
J NeuroChem 1999 Jan;72(1):1-9
LaTrobe University, NeuroImmunology Laboratory, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
UI# 9886048; UI# 99101139
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein (MOG) is a quantitatively minor component of CNS Myelin whose function remains relatively unknown.
As MOG is an AutoAntigen capable of producing a DeMyelinating Multiple Sclerosis like disease in mice and rats, much of the research directed toward MOG has been Immunological in nature.
Although the function of MOG is yet to be elucidated, there is now a relatively large amount of Biochemical and Molecular data relating to MOG.
Here we summarize this information and include our recent findings pertaining to the cloning of the Marsupial MOG gene. On the basis of this knowledge we suggest three possible functions for MOG:
- Cellular Adhesive Molecule
- Regulator of Oligodendrocyte MicroTubule stability
- Mediator of interactions between Myelin and the Immune System, in particular, the Complement Cascade
Given that AntiBodies to MOG and to the Myelin Specific Glycolipid (Gal-C) both activate the same signaling pathway leading to MBP degradation, we propose that there is a direct interaction between the Membrane associated regions of MOG and Gal-C.
Such an interaction may have important consequences regarding the Membrane Topology and Function of both Molecules.
Finally, we examine how Polymorphisms and/or mutations to the MOG Gene could contribute to the PathoGenesis of Multiple Sclerosis.